Meloidogyne incognita and Tomato Response to Thiamine, Ascorbic Acid, L-arginine, and L-glutamic Acid


  • A. A. Al-Sayed
  • I. J. Thomason


The influence of solutions of ascorbic acid, thiamine, L-arginine, and L-gtutamic acid on egg hatch, juvenile survival, and development and reproduction of Meloidogyne incognita in susceptible and resistant tomatoes was studied. Maximum inhibition of egg hatch occurred at 2,000, 4,000, and 2,000 ppm for ascorbic acid, L-arginine, and L-glutamic acid, respectively. Larval survival was significantly reduced by concentrations of 2,000 ppm ascorbic acid and 1,000 ppm of L-arginine. Maximum inhibition of egg hatch and mortality of juveniles was achieved at a concentration of 4,000 ppm of ascorbic acid and L-arginine. L-glutamic acid and thiamine had respective moderate and minimal toxic effects. Foliar sprays of ascorbic acid, L-arginine, or L-glutamic acid suppressed the numbers of root galls, females, and egg masses on the susceptible tomato cultivar Tropic. Ascorbic acid and L-arginine had highly significant effects when applied to foliage before inoculation with nematodes. Thiamine had little effect. All sprays suppressed the numbers of root galls and females in roots of the resistant cultivar VFN8 when treatments were applied before inoculation. They were not, however, effective as post-inoculation treatments. Growth of a susceptible cultivar was improved by post-inoculation and pre-inoculation treatments when compared with the control plants which had neither nematode infection nor chemical treatment. No positive growth response to chemical treatment was seen in resistant control plants. Key words: amino acid, Meloidogyne incognita, tomato, vitamin.