Relationship Between Time of Infection with Heterodera glycines and Soybean Yield


  • J. A. Wrather
  • S. C. Anand


Experiments were conducted to determine the relationship between time of infection by Heterodera glycines and soybean growth in the greenhouse and yield of plants grown in the field. Soybean cultivar Essex seedlings growing in the greenhouse were inoculated with H. glycines at 2, 4, or 6 weeks after planting. Seedling growth was inhibited by H. glycines infection at 2 or 4 weeks after planting but not at 6 weeks. Infection of Essex by H. glycines in the field was delayed 2-6 weeks by nematicides. Yields were significantly increased when H. glycines infection was delayed 2 weeks by nematicide treatment. Essex yields were highest when infection was delayed 6 weeks, equalling the yield of the H. glycines-resistant cultivar Asgrow 5474. The effect of H. glycines on soybean growth in the greenhouse and yields in the field declined when infection was delayed 6 weeks. Thus, soybean sensitivity to H. glycines seemed to diminish with age of the soybean plants. Key words: Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, nematicide, soybean, soybean cyst nematode.