Variability in Host Preference Among Field Populations of Heterodera glycines
AbstractEighteen soybean fields, six each with race 3, race 4, or Bedford population of Heterodera glycines, were selected for testing of host variability. Each field was divided into three sections, and a bulk soil sample was taken from each section. The 54 bulk soil populations (BSP) and 270 single cyst populations (SCP) were subjected to race determination tests. Tests of the 18 BSP and 90 SCP from the race 3 fields revealed that race 3 was the predominant race; however, 68 of the populations tested were other races. Tests of the 18-BSP and 90 SCP from race 4 fields demonstrated that races 2 and 4 were predominant, with 38 and 39 populations; respectively. Tests of the 18 BSP and 90 SCP from the Bedford population fields revealed tremendous variability. Races 2, 4, and 6 were the predominant races, with 32, 31, and 28 populations, respectively. These results indicate that of the three races studied, the Bedford population is the most variable, race 3 shows considerable variability, and race 4 shows very little. Key words: Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, soybean, soybean cyst nematode, variability.
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