Effects of Nematicides and Herbicides Alone or Combined on Meloidogyne incognita Egg Hatch and Development


  • L. A. Payan
  • A. W. Johnson
  • R. H. Littrell


The effects of nematicides carbofuran (C) and fenamiphos (F) and herbicides metribuzin (M) and trifluralin (T), alone and in combination, on hatching, penetration, development, and reproduction of Meloidogyne incognita race 3 were determined under laboratory conditions. To study hatching, entire egg masses were exposed to nematicides (6 [mu]g/ml), herbicides (0.5 [mu]g/ml), and their combinations over a period of 16 days; the hatched juveniles were extracted and counted every 48 hours. Second-stage juveniles that hatched from day 6 to day 8 were used as inoculum to determine the effects of the chemicals on penetration, development, and reproduction of M. incognita on tomato 4, 16, and 32 days after inoculation. F, F + T, and F + M inhibited hatching; whereas, C, T, M, C + T, and C + M did not affect hatching, penetration, development of females, or reproduction. Since so few juveniles hatched from the fenamiphos treatments, we were not able to use them for the postinfection development study. There was no apparent reduction in the effect of the nematicides by the herbicides. Key words: carbofuran, fenamiphos, hatching, herbicide, life cycle, Meloidogyne incognita, metribuzin, nematicide, pesticide interaction, root-knot nematode, survival, trifluralin.