Interaction of Ditylenchus dipsaci and Meloidogyne hapla on Resistant and Susceptible Plant Species
AbstractNumbers ofDitylenchus dipsaci or Meloidogyne hapla invading Ranger alfalfa, Tender crop bean, Stone Improved tomato, AH-14 sugarbeet, Yellow sweet clover, and Wasatch wheat from single inoculations were not significantly different from numbers by invasion of combined inoculations. D. dipsaci was recovered only from shoot and M. hapla only from root tissue. Combined inoculations did not affect reproduction of either D. dipsaci or M. hapla. D. dipsaci suppressed shoot growth of all species at 15-30 C, and M. hapla suppressed shoot growth of tomato, sugarbeet, and sweet clover at 20, 25, and 30 C. There was a positive correlation (P 0.05) between shoot and root growth suppression by D. dipsaci on all cultivars except wheat at 20 C and tomato at 30 C. M. hapla suppressed (P 0.05) root growth of sugarbeet at 20-50 C and wheat at 30 C. Growth suppression was synergistic in combined inoculations of sweet clover shoot growth at 15 C and root growth at 20-30 C, wheat root growth at 15 and 20 C, and tomato root growth at 15-30 C (P 0.05) D. dipsaci invasions caused mortality of alfalfa and sweet clover at 15-30 C and sugarbeet at 20-30 C. Mortality rates of alfalfa and sweet clover increased synergistically (P 0.05) from combined inoculations. Key words: alfalfa, alfalfa stem nematode, bean, Ditylenchus dipsaci, growth suppression, interaction, Meloidogyne hapla, mortality, soil temperature, sugarbeet, sweet clover, tomato, wheat.
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