Decline of Globodera rostochiensis as Influenced by Potato Root Diffusate Movement and Persistence in Soil
AbstractDecline of Globodera rostochiensis populations occurring naturally in soil and those added to potato hills and furrow centers in nylon bags was correlated with root weight of Hudson, Rosa, and Katahdin potatoes at two locations in New York. Cysts in bags were added to soil at planting and at 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 weeks after emergence (AE). Fallow decline required only 2-4 weeks in soil and did not increase with time. Decline due to growing potatoes was greater in hills than in furrow centers, and resistant Hudson potatoes stimulated greater nematode hatch for longer times in both hills and furrows than did resistant Rosa and susceptible Katahdin. Potato root diffusate (PRD) was produced in highest concentration early in the season; decreased egg hatch with time was probably the result of declining PRD production and inactivation of PRD in soil. Decreasing potato row spacing from 92 cm to 46 and 23 cm between rows increased G. rostochiensis decline in furrow centers, with the majority of decline occurring within 1-3 weeks AE. Replanting potatoes after 1 week of trap crop growth failed to favor population reduction over a single full season crop. Key words: Globodera rostochiensis, golden nematode, Solanum tuberosum, potato, resistance, root exudate, population dynamics, trap crop.
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