Effects of Continuous Cropping of Resistant and Susceptible Cultivars on Reproduction Potentials of Heterodera glycines and Globodera tabacum solanacearum


  • A. P. Elliott
  • P. M. Phipps
  • R. Terrill


The reproductive potentials of Heterodera glycines (mixture of races 3 and 4 and unidentified races) and a tobacco cyst nematode Globodera tabacum solanacearum were studied in the field. The experiments involved four cultivars of soybean Glycine max and four cultivars of Nicotiana tabacum. The reproductive potential of the H. glycines population was high on Essex and Lee 74 soybean but low on Forrest and Bedford over the 3 years (1982-84) of continuous cropping. The reproductive potential of H. glycines was 12% on Forrest and 6% on Bedford in 1982 but increased to 37 and 35% in 1983 and to 71 and 41% in 1984, respectively, on these two cultivars. The reproductive potential of G. tabacum solanacearum was high on McNair 944 and Coker 319 tobacco cultivars and low on VA 81 and PD 4 over the 3 years of cropping. The reproductive potential of G. tabacum solanacearum on VA 81 and PD 4 was 18 and 17% in 1982, 7 and 16% in 1983, and 5 and 5% in 1984, respectively. The changes in reproductive potentials of H. glycines and G. tabacum solanacearum may be related to inherent genetic variability in the systems that control reproduction of the two cyst nematodes and nature of resistance incorporated in the soybean and tobacco cultivars. Key words: Glycine max, Nicotiana tabacum, soybean cyst nematode, tobacco cyst nematode, plant resistance, population dynamics.