Meloidogyne incognita Resistance Characteristics in Tomato Genotypes Developed for Processing
AbstractNine resistant processing tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) cultivars and advanced lines were compared with four susceptible cultivars in 1,3-dichloropropene-fumigated and nontreated plots on Meloidogyne incognita-infested sites over 3 years. Yield of all resistant genotypes grown in nontreated and nematicide-treated plots did not differ and was greater than yield of susceptible genotypes. M. incognita initial soil population densities caused 39.3-56.5% significant (P = 0.05) yield suppressions of susceptible genotypes. Nematode injury to susceptible plants usually caused both fruit soluble solids content and pH to increase significantly (P = 0.05). Only trace nematode reproduction occurred on resistant genotypes in nontreated plots, whereas large population density increases occurred on susceptible genotypes. Slightly greater nematode reproduction occurred on resistant genotypes at the southern desert location, where soil temperature exceeded 30 C, than at other locations. At two locations resistant MOX 3076 supported greater reproduction than other resistant genotypes. Key words: fruit quality, fruit yield, Lycopersicon esculentum, tomato, Meloidogyne incognita, root-knot nematode, population dynamics, resistance, soil fumigation, 1,3-dichloropropene.
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