Relative Virulence of Meloidogyne incognita Host Races on Soybean
AbstractSensitivity and host efficiency of susceptible ('Lee 68', 'Coker 156') and resistant ('Bragg', 'Centennial', 'Forrest', 'Lee 74') soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) cultivars for races of Meloidogyne incognita (Mi) were determined in greenhouse experiments. Eight Mi populations collected from the southeastern United States were utilized. All Mi races reproduced readily on Lee 68 and Lee 74 and moderately on Forrest and Bragg. Coker 156 exhibited resistance to races 1 and 2, and some race 3 populations, but was very susceptible to certain race 3 and 4 populations. Reproduction of all races was lowest on Centennial. Forrest and Centennial shoot growth was not significantly suppressed by any race. There were no distinct differences in virulence between races except for a race 3 population which reproduced readily on all cultivars, stunting their growth. Considerable variation in reproduction existed within races 1 and 3. Key words: Glycine max, soybean, host race, host suitability, Meloidogyne incognita, southern root-knot nematode, pathogenicity, resistance.
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