Inbreeding and Hybridizing Cyst Nematodes on Pruned Soybeans in Petri Plates


  • Victor H. Dropkin
  • John M. Halbrendt


Inbred nematodes propagated on a selecting host are likely to have homozygous genes of interest for investigating the genetics of host-parasite associations. A technique is presented to inbreed soybean cyst nematodes, by sibling matings at each generation, and to cross inbred lines. Soybean seedlings with severely trimmed cotyledons survive well on 0.8% agar. Eggs from a single female are incubated in water in a microtiter well. Virgin as well as mated females result from inoculation of two juveniles per root. Sibling males from the same source are produced by mass inoculations of eggs. Males are added individually to unmated females. Overall success for fertile females was 14% in 1,368 isolations. Three generations of inbreeding by siblings were achieved using nematodes from two populations that differ in their ability to reproduce on differential soybeans. Hybrids from crosses of the two inbred lines tested on differential hosts showed that the influence of Population 1 (selected and inbred on PI 209332) is greater than that of Population 2 (selected and inbred on PI 89772). Reciprocal crosses suggest that the influence of males is stronger than that of females in determining host specificity of F[sub1] offspring in these crosses. Our technique is simple and effective for inbreeding and crossing soybean cyst nematodes. Key words: genetics, Heterodera glycines, soybean cyst nematode, hybridizing, inbreeding, technique, water agar.