Influence of Meloidogyne incognita on Resistant and Susceptible Sweet Potato Cultivars


  • Gary W. Lawrence
  • C. A. Clark
  • V. L. Wright


Effects of several population densities ofMeloidogyne incognita on thesweet potato cultivars Centennial (susceptible) and Jasper (moderately resistant) were studied. Field plots were infested with initial levels (Pi) of 0, 10, 100, 1,000, 5,000, and 10,000 eggs and juveniles/500 cm³ soil in 1980 and 0, 100, 1,000, 2,000, 3,000, 4,000, and 5,000 in 1981. M. incognita population development trends were similar on both cultivars; however, at high Pi, more eggs and juveniles were recovered from Centennial than from Jasper. The highest Pi did not result in the highest mid-season (Pm) counts. Pi was negatively correlated with the number of marketable roots and root weight but positively correlated with total cracked roots, percentage of cracked roots, and cracking severity. Jasper tolerated higher Pi with greater yields and better root quality than Centennial. Cracking of fleshy roots occurred with both cultivars at low Pi. Key words: ecology, Ipomoea batatas, nematode reproduction, population densities, root cracking, southern root-knot nematode.