Corn Response to Subsoiling and Nematicide Application


  • J. R. Rich
  • J. T. Johnson
  • C. H. Hodge


A 2-year field study evaluated the influence of subsoiling and nematicide application, alone and in combination, on the growth and yield of field corn in a sandy soil in north-central Florida. The field had a 25-30-cm-deep tillage pan (plowpan) and was infested with Belonolaimus longicaudatus, Hoplolaimus galeatus, Trichodorus christei, and Pratylenchus spp. Subsoiling increased corn yield both years, and the residual effect of subsoiling in the first year increased yields in the second year. Preplant application of DD injected in-row increased yields and reduced nematode populations. At-planting applications of DD injected in-row and carbofuran in-furrow or in a band were less effective than subsoiling in increasing yields and reducing nematode numbers. Interactions between subsoiling and nematicide treatments occurred in the second year. Key words: Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting), Hoplolaimus galeatus (lance), Pratylenchus spp. (lesion), Trichodorus christei (stubby-root), carbofuran, chemical control, DD, tillage pan.