Effects of Pratylenchus zeae and Quinisulcius acutus Alone and in Combination on Sorghum


  • J. A. Cuarezma-Ter


Host-parasite relationships of Pratylenchus zeae and Quinisulcius aoutus, alone or in combination, were studied on sorghum in the greenhouse and laboratory. Q. acutus at 1,000 or 5,000 nematodes per 15-cm-d pot and P. zeae at 500 nematodes per pot significantly suppressed plant height and fresh and oven dry shoot and root weights. A mixture of 1,000 Q. acutus and 500 P. zeae per pot resulted in greatest suppression of growth. Roots of plants inoculated with Q. acutus alone were reduced in number and size and showed lesions and discoloration. Reproduction of this nematode 42 days after inoculation was much greater in treatments of 100 or 1,000 than 5,000 nematodes. The population density of the two species at 6 weeks after inoculation was significantly less when combined than for each species alone. When the two species were combined, reproduction of P. zeae was greater than that of Q. acutus, but the final populations per gram of root weight were the same. Q. acutus fed ectoparasitically on epidermal cells of sorghum roots in the zone of elongation and differentiation when observed under in vitro conditions. Key words: reproduction, pathogenicity, population dynamics, nematode feeding, Sorghum bicolor.