Effect of Soil Temperature on Reproduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. hapla Alone and in Combination on Potato and M. chitwoodi on Rotation Plants
AbstractMeloidogyne chitwoodi developed and reproduced more rapidly than M. hapla in potato roots at 15, 20, or 25 C when both species of nematodes were inoculated simultaneously at 250 or 1,000 juveniles of each. At 30 C significantly more M. hapla than M. chitwoodi females were found at the lower inoculum level after 41 days. More M. chitwoodi than M. hapla juveniles were extracted from soil at 15, 20, and 25 C, but only at the lower inoculum level at 30 C. Potato was considered a more suitable host for M. chitwoodi than M. hapla because of M. chitwoodi's greater reproduction at 15, 20, and 25 C. Corn and wheat cultivars tested supported M. chitwoodi reproduction at temperatures of 10, 15, 20, and 25 C, but fewest eggs were produced on these plants at 20 C. Temperatures of 10 to 25 C had little influence on the low reproduction of M. chitwoodi on four alfalfa cultivars. M. chitwoodi reproduced on the alfalfa entry Mn PL9HF. Key words: Columbia root-knot nematode, northern root-knot nematode, alfalfa, wheat, corn.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).