Histopathology and Host Range Studies of the Redwood Nematode Rhizonema sequoiae


  • I. Cid Del Prado Vera
  • B. F. Lownsbery


Second-stage larvae of Rhizonema sequoiae Cid del Prado Vera et al. tunnel through the cortex of the redwood Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. root to the vascular tissue where each developing female induces a single ovoid or occasionally spherical giant cell with a single ovoid to spherical nucleus containing one to four enlarged nucleoli. Nematode tunnels are filled with a gel material and often contain second-stage larvae and males. There is tissue necrosis around females, and cortical tissue is destroyed after infection by many second-stage larvae. R. sequoiae females developed to maturity on S. sempervirens, Acer macrophyllum Pursh, AInus rhombifolia Nutt., Libocedrus decurrens Torr, Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco, and Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.) Decne. In the Marin County, California, forest mature females were also found naturally infecting Lithocarpus densiflorus (Hook & Arn.) Rehd., Umbellularia californica (Hook & Arn.) Nutt., and Arbutus menziesii Pursh. Key words: Rhizonema, pathology, host range.