Parasitic Variability of Meloidogyne incognita Populations on Susceptible and Resistant Cotton


  • T. L. Kirkpatrick
  • J. N. Sasser


Root gall induction and egg production by the four recognized host races and two cytological races of Meloidogyne incognita were compared on cotton Gossypium hirsutum cvs. Deltapine 16 (root-knot susceptible) and Auburn 634 (highly resistant). The 12 nematode populations included in the study were from various parts of the world. No population increases occurred on the highly resistant cultivar. After 45 days, populations of host races 1 and 2 induced slight root galling on both cuhivars with only limited reproduction. Host race 4 populations induced moderate root galling with higher reproduction on Deltapine 16 than that of race 1 or race 2 populations. Host race 3 populations induced severe root galling with population density increases of 7-30-fold. In a complementary study, 24 cotton cultivars or breeding lines were compared for suitability as hosts for a typical population of M. incognita race 3. The poorest hosts, 'Aubnru 623,' 'Auburn 634,' and 'McNair 220,' yielded fewer eggs after 45 days than were added initially. The best hosts - 'M-8.' 'DES 24-8,' 'McNair 235,' and 'Coker 20l' - yielded 5 times as many eggs as were added initially. Key words: root-knot nematode, Gossypium hirsutum, host suitability, Nematoda, Meloidogynidae, races, N.C. differential host test.