Effects of Concomitant Development on Reproduction of Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis on Sweet Potato
AbstractThe influence of various factors on reproduction of concomitant Meloidogyne incognita (Mi) and Rotylenchulus reniformis (Rr) on sweet potato were studied in the greenhouse. Reproduction of Rr was reduced by Mi at all inoculum levels and experiment durations used, while Mi reproduction was not inhibited. Both species failed to affect each other when inoculated simultaneously onto root systems developed in separate pots from different nodes of the same plant. Reproduction of each species was not significantly greater when inoculation of the second species was delayed 1-2 weeks compared to simultaneous inoculation. After shoot excision, Rr increased in the soil but Mi decreased. Fibrous root weights of plants inoculated with Rr + Mi in some tests were higher than those inoculated with Mi alone, indicating an early suppression of Mi and/or root stintulation by Rr. Drought stress delayed Rr egg hatching and movement of larvae into the soil, but had little effect on Mi reproduction. Key words: Ipomoea batatas, root-knot nematode, reniform nematode.
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