Reproduction of Criconemoides simile, Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus, and Paratylenchus projectus on Soybean


  • E. C. McGawley
  • R. A. Chapman


Reproduction of Criconernoides simile, Paratylenchus projectus, and Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus, alone and in certain combinations, was characterized during 50 days on the soybean cultivars Custer and Hood. Custer was the more suitable host for all three nematodes and C. simile was the most vigorous parasite on both cultivars. C. simile and H. pseudorobustus reproduced as well in combination as they did alone; addition of P. projectus to this combination did not alter results. Reproduction by P. projectus was repressed on both cultivars when it was combined with C. simile and H. pseudorobustus. The relative importance of time was assessed, as it relates both to the establishment of parasitism by applied nematodes and to the rate of development of larvae in the various host-parasite combinations. The necessity of characterizing as well as enumerating populations when evaluating population development of ectoparasitic nematodes was demonstrated. Key words: ring nematode, pin nematode, spiral nematode, concomitant nematodes.