Morphological Comparison of Head Shape and Stylet Morphology of Second-stage Juveniles of Meloidogyne Species


  • J. D. Eisenback


Head shape and stylet morphology of second-stage juveniles of one population each of M. incognita, M. javanica, M. arenaria, and M. hapla were compared by light microscopy. Excised stylets of each species were also compared by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Differences in head morphology were observed only between M. hapla attd the other three species. In SEM, differences in stylet size, shape, and relative distance of the dorsal esophageal gland orifice to the base of the stylet were evident. Differences in stylet morphology between M. incognita and M. javanica could not he detected by light microscopy, hut M. arenaria and M. hapla could be distinguished from each other and from the other two species. Head shape and styler morphology of second-stage juveniles are considered useful taxonomic characters. Key words: Meloidogyne incognita, M. javanica, M. arenaria, M. hapla, scanning electron microscopy, taxonomy, root-knot netnatodes, morphology.