Diacyl, Alkylacyl, and Alkenylacyl Phospholipids of Meloidogyne javanica Females


  • D. J. Chitwood
  • L. R. Krusberg


The phospholipid composition and acyl, alkyl, and alkenyl group compositions of diacyl, alkylacyl, and alkenylacyl phosphoglycerides of M. javanica were investigated. Phospholipid was comprised of 61.7% choline phosphoglyceride, 22.0% ethanolamine phosphoglyceride, and smaller quantities of six other lipids. Phospholipid fatty acid was more unsaturated than neutral lipid fatty acid and contained 61.3% octadecenoic (18:1) acid. Fatty acid at the 1-position of diacyl phospholipids was shorter and more saturated than that at the 2-position. Compared to choline phosphoglyceride, ethanolantine phosphoglyceride contained less 18:1 and 20:5 and more 18:0 and 20:0 acid. Alkenylacyl and alkylacyl compounds comprised 34.6% and 9.3%, respectively, of the ethanolamine phosphoglyceride but only 0.5% and 0.6% of the choline phosphoglyceride. Alkenylacyl and alkylacyl ethanolamine phosphoglycerides contained a smaller percentage of 20-carbon polyunsaturated acid at their 2-positions than did their diacyl analogue. At least 95% of the alkenyl and alkyl groups were 18:0 compounds. Tomato roots did not contain alkenylacyl or alkylacyl phosphoglycerides; their occurrence in M. javanica is a significant biochemical difference between the nematode and its host. Key words: lipids, ether lipids, plasmalogens, fatty acids, tomato, root-knot nematode.