Dispersion, Dissipation, and Efficacy of Methyl Bromide-Chloropicrin Gas vs. Gel Formulations on Nematodes and Weeds in Tifton Sandy Loam


  • W. A. Rohde
  • A. W. Johnson
  • L. V. White
  • D. L. McCallister
  • N. C. Glaze


Dispersion, dissipation, and efficacy of gas and gel formulations of methyl bromidechloropicrin (202, 269, 336, and 403 kg/ha) on nematodes and weeds on tomato were studied in field plots. Concentrations of methyl bromide and chloropicrin 4 hr after soil treatment were greater at a depth of 15 cm than at 30, 45, or 60 cm. The concentrations of both chemicals decreased with lower doses, greater depths, and longer times after application. The gel formulation was more persistent than the gas formulation at both 336 and 403 kg/ha at depths of 30 and 45 cm, especially 24 and 36 hr after chemical application. Plant growth and yield were improved when nematodes and weeds were controlled. Key Words: multiple pest control.