Population Response to Temperature in the Subfamily Tylenchorhynchinae


  • R. B. Malek


The effects of temperature on population development of 11 species of stunt nematodes in the subfamily Tylenchorhynchinae were compared on red clover or Kentucky bluegrass in constant-temperature tanks at 5-degree intervals from 10 to 35 C. The optimum temperature for population increase on red clover in 90 days was 30 C for Tylenchorhynchus agri, T. nudus, T. martini, and T. clarus, 25 C for T. sylvaticus and T. dubius, and 20 C for T. canalis, Merlinius brevidens, and Quinisulcius capitatus. The optimum was 30 C for T. robustoides and 25 C for T. maximus on Kentucky bluegrass. The temperature range for population increase was 20-35 C for T. agri, T. nudus, T. martini, and T. clarus, 20-30 C for T. sylvaticus and T. robustoides, 15-25 C for T. maximus, 10-25 C for T. dubius, and 10-20 C for M. brevidens and Q. capitatus. T. canalis increased only at 20 C. All species were recovered in numbers near their inoculum level at 10 C. There was no survival of T. sylvaticus, T. dubius, T. canalis, T. robustoides, T. maximus, M. brevidens, and Q. capitatus at 35 C, or of the last three of these species at 30 C. Temperature had no effect on sex ratio in final populations. Population increase was greatest in T. martini and least in T. canalis. Key Words: stunt nematodes, Tylenchorhynchus, Merlinius, Quinisulcius, red clover, Kentucky bluegrass, population development.