Histochemical Localization and Nematoxicity of Terpenoid Aldehydes in Cotton


  • J. A. Veech


In healthy cotton, except for random occasional occurrence in cortical cells, terpenoid aldehydes (TA) are localized in the epidermis and, even there, are absent from the tip 2-4 cm of the root. Since constitutive TA do not occur in the endodermis and stele of the root, they cannot be effective agents against the development of the sedentary stage of the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita. Within 4 days after inoculation with the root-knot nematode, infection-induced TA accumulated in the endodermis and outer stele. These induced TA were thus localized where they could be effective against the sedentary stage of the nematode. Infection-induced TA accumulation was more rapid and occurred in more stele cells in a resistant cotton cultivar than in two susceptible cultivars. TA extracts from cotton were inhibitory to nematode movement. All second-stage larvae exposed to1,000 ppm TA for 3 h became rigid, made no movement, and appeared dead. Washing these larvae to remove the TA and incubating them for an additional 24 h did not change their appearance. Shorter exposure times or lower TA concentrations allowed some larvae to recover. Exposing larvae to 10 ppm of TA for 24 h had little effect on them. TA extracted from G. arboreum, a cotton that does not methylate TA, were slightly less inhibitory to the root-knot nematode than TA extracted front G. hirsutum which partially methylates TA. Key Words: Gossypol-like, resistance, gossypium, host-parasite interactions, toxicants, antibiotic compounds.