Biochemical Changes in Terminal Root Galls Caused by an Ectoparasitic Nematode, Longidorus africanus: Phenols, Carbohydrates and Cytokinins
AbstractBiochemical changes occurred in roots of bur marigold and grapevine infected with Longidorus africanus. Phenols of infected root tips differed quantitatively from those of healthy root tips (optical density of 0.68 and 0.32, respectively). Column chromatography of the phenol extracts resulted in more fractions in the infected than in the healthy root extract. Of the enzymes involved in phenol metabolism, three were tested. No polyphenol oxidase activity was detected and no difference in catalase activity was found between healthy and infected roots. Peroxidase activity, however, was much higher in infected roots. The extra peroxidase was associated mainly with the cortical cells of the infected root tips. Galled roots contained twice the amount of simple sugars and inulin as did the healthy roots. A cytokinin-active fraction was found only in the noninfected roots.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).