Reproduction, Chromosome Number, and Postembryonic Development of Panagrellus redivivus (Nematoda: Cephalobidae)
AbstractPanagrellus redivivus (L.) T. Goodey reproduced amphimictically; the sexual primordia of males had nine chromosomes, those of females had ten. Eggs contained five chromosomes, sperm four or five. There were four molts, all after hatching. The sexes could be separated at the second molt by development of a lobe of somatic cells in the gonad, anteriorly in males, posteriorly in females. The lobe in males reflexed posteriorly at the third molt and joined the rectum at the fourth molt. Third molt females had a thickened vaginal primordium and at the fourth molt the spermathecal and uterine primordia were evident. The uterus elongated enormously in the adult. The 15 ventral chord nuclei between esophagus and rectum in the first stage increased to approximately 63 during the first molt; specialized nuclei, not evident until the third molt, participate in vaginal lining formation in fourth molt females. Sperm were first produced at the late fourth molt. Eggs, not produced until after copulation, hatched within the uterus. Key Words: Panagrellus redivivus, Chromosome number, Reproduction, Development, Morphogenesis.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).