COMPARATIVE EFFICACY OF FIVE PERMETHRIN/ PBO 30-30 GROUND ULV INSECTICIDES AGAINST FIELD COLLECTED ADULT AEDES AEGYPTI, AEDES TAENIORHYNCHUS, AND CULEX QUINQUEFASCIATUS IN MANATEE COUNTY, FLORIDA
We investigated five formulations containing synergized permethrin/PBO active ingredients, Biomist® 30-30, Evoluer® 30-30, Kontrol™ 30-30, Permanone® 30-30, and Perm-X™ UL 30-30, to determine whether there was variation in efficacy against caged local field collected adult Aedes aegypti, Aedes taeniorhynchus, and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes. Mortality data from field trials with these formulations applied via truck mounted ultra-low volume sprays at mid (113 mL/ha [1.55 oz/A]) and maximum (226 mL/ha [3.10 oz/A]) label rates indicated generally low efficacy against Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus but generally high efficacy against Ae. taeniorhynchus. We discuss potential underlying mechanisms for this variation including effects of meteorology and resistance, and how field-derived efficacy data may be used operationally by mosquito and vector control districts to mitigate cost, environmental impact, and pesticide resistance.