Technology Transfer-The Shore Protection Manual
Keywords:Shore protection, coastal engineering, shoreline erosion control, beach erosion
Transfer of coastal engineering technology by the Corps of Engineers began with the issuance of Technical Report No.4, "Shore Protection Planning and Design," in 1954. The main basis for planning and design of coastal projects was contained in that publication until 1973 when it was replaced by the Shore Protection Manual (SPM). Successive editions of the SPM were issued in 1975, 1977, and 1984. Major advances in computer software and hardware are expected to reshape future editions of the publication.