ADHD Prediction via Time Series Ensemble fed Driving Simulator Data
Keywords:Driving Simulator, Time Series, Explainable Results, Player Modelling, DTW, k-NN, 1-D CNN, Ensembles
In this paper, we identify the on-road scenarios within a simulated driving environment where a group of clinical trial participants (n= 30) with and without Attention Deficit Hyper-activity Disorder (ADHD) drive perceivably different fromone another. We partition the simulated routes into smaller non-overlapping sections in order to determine which sections elicit behaviors that are predictive of ADHD. Then, we develop section-specific classifiers, which are used as voters in bagging ensemble classifiers. Our results show gains in classifying ADHD (increase in 5-fold average evaluation accuracy) over our previous efforts, as well as providing explainable evidence that driving behaviors indicative of ADHD tend to be exhibited in turns and curves.